Domestic workers play a critical role in the Illinois economy, working to ensure the health and prosperity of Illinois families and freeing others to participate in the workforce. Despite the value of their work, domestic workers have historically been excluded from the protections under state law extended to workers in other industries. This has led to a workforce, predominantly composed of women supporting their own families, that is isolated and vulnerable.
In July of 2015, the state of Connecticut took a giant first step forward for domestic workers in their state when Governor Malloy signed the Connecitcut Domestic Worker Bill.
Domestic workers play a critical role in Connecticut’s economy, working to ensure the health and prosperity of Connecticut families and freeing others to participate in the workforce. Despite the value of their work caring for children, elders and our homes, domestic workers have historically been excluded from the protections under state law extended to workers in other industries. This has led to a workforce, predominantly composed of women supporting their own families, that is isolated and vulnerable.
The Oregon Domestic Workers’ Bill of Rights corrects an historic wrong by including domestic workers in the basic labor laws afforded most other workers. Domestic workers were intentionally excluded from the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) as a concession to Southern politicians in the early 1900’s. This exclusion was mirrored on the state level, creating an unregulated and underground economy that left the state’s approximate 10,000 domestic workers subject to widespread mistreatment and abuse.
July 2014 -- Victory! Governor Deval Patrick signed the Massachusetts Domestic Workers Bill of Rights into law, the fourth state in as many years. The Massachusetts Bill is the most forward-thinking bill of rights to date and sets the stage for even more comprehensive legislation in other states. The bill will protect workers and employers by requiring clear guidelines for employers and workers including: a written contract; 30 days notice of termination for live-in workers; and maternity leave for workers, among other protections. Congratulations, Massachusetts!
Victory! The California Domestic Worker Bill of Rights ends generations of exclusion from basic labor protections. The California Bill of Rights (AB 241) was signed into law by Governor Jerry Brown on September 26, 2013, and goes into effect January 1, 2014.
In 2013, Hawaii became the second state in the nation to enact a Domestic Worker Bill of Rights.
In Hawaii as of July, 1, 2013
Labor of Love: New York Domestic Worker Convention
Sunday, October 19, 2014
Inspiring Victory for Domestic Workers! We Made History! New York becomes first state to recognize domestic workers
Every day across our nation, almost two million home care workers support the independence of people with disabilities and seniors.
Yet in many states, home care workers are paid less than minimum wage and denied overtime pay.
Domestic Workers win Global Recognition with the Adoption of the ILO Convention for Domestic Workers
On June 16, 2011, the 100th International Labour Conference (ILC) in Geneva, Switzerland adopted the First Convention and accompanying Recommendation on Decent Work for Domestic Workers. When the vote was announced, domestic workers unfurled a banner that read “C189: Congratulations! Now for the “domestic work” of governments- RATIFY.” Support for the Convention was overwhelming, with 396 voting in favor, and only 16 voting against (all employers), with an additional 63 abstaining. The Recommendation passed with 90% approval. Press Release »
Since then ten ILO members have ratified C189.
As a member of the International Domestic Workers Federation, the National Domestic Worker Alliance has been organizing with domestic workers around the world to win a strong ILO Convention with the standards and protections this workforce so desperately needs.
The nature of work is changing and it’s changing the way that domestic workers find work, relate to their employers, and get paid. With the click of a button, employers can hire a house cleaner with little knowledge as to whether that worker has predictable hours, makes a living wage or is entitled to basic labor protections.
Organizing across generations and communities to bring dignity and value to the contributions of our nation’s aging population and the workforce who cares for them.
Every eight seconds, an American turns 65. In the coming years, more and more members of our communities will need care, just as more and more workers will need quality, dignified jobs. At a time when we desperately need new jobs, new paths to citizenship, and new solutions to persistent crises in care, a broad coalition of people from all walks of life are coming together to push for change.
Visit the Caring Across Generations campaign website to learn more about this exciting and necessary new campaign, share care stories, and take action.
We Belong Together is a campaign to mobilize women in support of common-sense immigration reform that will keep families together and empower women. Immigration reform is rarely thought of as a women’s issue, but in fact it is central to the fight for women’s equality. Millions of immigrant women who are part of the fabric of our communities, workplaces, and schools are blocked from achieving their full potential because of a broken immigration system. They perform essential jobs, like taking care of our children and our aging parents, and are central to family and community well-being.
Human Trafficking is a violation of human rights. Read the new report from the Beyond Survival Campaign.
New Report: Beyond Survival: Organizing to End Human Trafficking of Domestic Workers
Around the world, an estimated 52 million people are employed as domestic workers, providing services such as child care, cleaning, and elder care, in private homes. In the United States alone, official estimates indicate that about two million people are engaged in such work, but because of the large number of undocumented immigrants involved, the real number is likely much higher.
While there is not yet nationally representative data about trafficking and forced labor in domestic work, there are a number of smaller studies, as well as individual cases, that have shed light on the problem and helped shape an analysis of how and why exploitation manifests.
The main arenas of the trafficking debate have focused on trafficking of sex workers and children. Those who have been trafficked for the purpose of supplying low-cost domestic work are often overlooked. While there is a great deal of overlap between different types of trafficking, the specific forms of labor exploitation associated with domestic worker trafficking deserve more focused attention. This report provides an overview of the problem of domestic worker trafficking. It then draws on the experiences of NDWA and our allies to put forward detailed recommendations for action at multiple levels.
Our overall view is that addressing this issue adequately will require a rights-based framework that tackles root causes and promotes basic immigration and labor rights. Therefore, our recommendations for governments— in the United States and around the world—cover a broad range of agencies and types of actions— from visa reform to more effective investigation of wage violations.
At the same time, we believe that nongovernmental organizations, with workers in the lead, are key to building the power necessary to end trafficking of domestic workers. Our recommendations for service providers and advocacy groups emphasize the need for leadership development among workers and survivors. Because human trafficking is a long-term structural problem, the recommendations in this report are only a first step. We look forward to working with allies inside and outside governments to build on these proposals for undoing the structural barriers to ending domestic worker abuse.
SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS
United States Federal Government
1. Government agencies affiliated with the President’s Interagency Task Force on Human Trafficking should collaborate and should provide resources to worker centers and community-based organizations to develop anti-trafficking materials and proposals focused on labor trafficking in general, and domestic work in particular.
2. The new Interagency Working Group for the Consistent Enforcement of Federal Labor, Employment and Immigration Laws established as part of the President’s November 20, 2014 Executive Action on Immigration should include the Department of State (DOS) to ensure that migrant domestic workers and other workers who receive work visas through consular processing are not excluded from collaborative efforts to address low wage immigrant worker exploitation.
3. The Interagency Working Group should recommend that the Department of Homeland Security strengthen USCIS programs to ensure immigrant workers who are undocumented or who have temporary visas and may fall out of status during a dispute with an employer, contractor, or recruiting agent can maintain legal status and work authorization through deferred action, parole in place, or other appropriate measures.
4. In exploitation and trafficking cases where the workers are immigrants (with or without authorization), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) should not be the primary federal investigating agency because of the inherent conflict between ICE’s role in detaining and removing unauthorized immigrants and the overarching priority in these cases of serving immigrant victims of crime.
Department of Homeland Security
5. DHS should end partnerships with local and state law enforcement as these partnerships increase fear of police in low-income worker communities and prevent trafficked workers from seeking help.
6. DHS should train and mandate its agents to request continued presence for suspected victims of human trafficking, and should continue to improve screening procedures so that suspected victims are not arrested, detained, or deported.
7. The DHS’s United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) U and T visa adjudicators should receive additional and specialized training on victims of labor trafficking and workplace-based crime.
Department of State
8. Department of State (DOS) should improve and fully implement effective pre-departure and post-arrival programs for domestic workers and their employers, and include domestic worker groups.
9. DOS should establish annual in-person monitoring and exit interviews, and include domestic worker groups.
10. DOS should carefully monitor applications to ensure foreign missions are not misclassifying domestic workers under A-2 visas.
11. DOS should ensure meaningful consequences for diplomats and international officials and agencies who defraud or abuse domestic workers, including requesting waivers of immunity and suspending countries and agencies from the ability to bring more workers.
12. DOS should revise the B-1 and J-1 au pair programs to ensure that domestic workers employed in these programs receive similar protections- including the right to contracts and prevailing wages, and stays of removal if the worker pursues a criminal or civil case against an abusive employer.
Department of Labor
13. The Department of Labor (DOL) should consult with worker centers and community based organizations to understand the dynamics of domestic worker trafficking and exploitation, especially as it begins to certify T visas and expanded categories of U visas.
14. DOL should partner with worker centers to increase Wage and Hour Division capacity to investigate and respond to wage and hour violations experienced by domestic workers.
Department of Justice
15. The Department of Justice (DOJ) should prioritize human trafficking cases that domestic workers bring forward. Evidence shows that forced domestic work is likely one of the most prevalent forms of trafficking for labor in the U.S.
16. DOJ prosecutors should always request the restitution available to survivors under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act.
Victim Services Funding
17. Agencies, particularly Health and Human Services (HHS) and DOL, should receive adequate appropriations to provide services
18. Federal funding for victim services should address long-term needs such as housing and employment.
19. Victim services programs should promote collaboration and access to funds by community-based organizations that are well positioned to assist domestic workers.
20. Congress should reform temporary work visa programs with more mobility, transparency, oversight, and a pathway to citizenship.
21. Congress should increase the cap on U visas to reflect the actual need.
19. State legislatures should pass Domestic Workers’ Bills of Rights
20. State Departments of Labor should investigate and certify U and T visas for victims of human trafficking and other serious workplace-based crime.
21. States should improve legal protections for low-income workers, including strong, accessible enforcement mechanisms that allow low-income workers in high-exploitation industries including domestic work to protect their rights and be compensated for employer wrongdoing.
22. Governments should ratify and implement the International Labor Organization (ILO) Decent Work for Domestic Workers Convention (C. 189, and its accompanying recommendation (R201) and all relevant ILO Forced Labor instruments (Convention 29, Protocol 29 and its accompanying recommendation (R203). Governments should reform domestic policy with regard to sponsorship systems and domestic worker coverage under labor laws
23. Governments should reform domestic policy with regard to sponsorship systems and domestic worker coverage under labor laws, with particular attention to the freedom of association and right to organize.
26. Through multilateral and bilateral cooperation, reform labor recruitment and employment processes, including eliminating all recruitment fees for workers.
27. Trade agreements should include strong worker protections and include the rights of domestic workers to fair wages and appropriate workplace protections.
Building Power Together
29. Service providers should partner with community-based worker/immigrant rights organizations to enhance capacity and promote self-determination for survivors.
30. Service providers should engage in advocacy as allies alongside survivors and community-based organizations.
Advocacy Organizations and Partners
31. Advocacy organizations should collaborate with workers and survivors in the development of materials and policy proposals.
32. Advocacy organizations should share resources and funding with worker centers and survivor groups to build survivor skills and training to be advocates, and either hire directly or fund local groups to hire survivor organizers.
33. Embassies should partner with ethnic community-based organizations to provide emergency services and resources, and training for staff Given the specific problems faced by domestic workers employed by diplomats are common on a global scale, governments should mandate training and oversight for diplomats and consular officers who employ migrant domestic workers.
34. Advocacy organizations should take a comprehensive approach to human trafficking, and address root causes and related issues including immigration reform and labor rights.
35. Advocacy organizations should initiate participatory research with survivor groups, and involve survivors in uncovering problems and solutions that would most benefit survivors and prevent human trafficking and exploitation.
36. Labor unions should recognize and speak out on the prevalence of labor trafficking and train union leaders and members to identify possible trafficking and provide survivors with resources and support.
Human trafficking is a violation of human rights.
"My employers held my passport, prevented me from leaving the home alone, and forced me to sleep in the room with the baby rather than having my own bed. They paid me far less than I was promised when I left my home country. They told me that immigration police would come arrest me if I tried to leave."
These are some of the most common things our member organizations have heard from domestic worker trafficking survivors over the years.
In 2013, along with our member anchor organizations already active in human trafficking work—Damayan, Adhikaar, and Casa de Maryland—NDWA launched our Beyond Survival campaign to build survivor leadership and promote a community organizing approach to ending human trafficking. The campaign seeks to support survivors of labor trafficking in becoming agents of change, bring their stories and voices into the main arenas of the trafficking debate that have historically been devoid of any discussion of workers’ rights, and develop a vision for transformative change.
We call our campaign "Beyond Survival," as an indication that we are ready to move beyond the narrative of victimization towards true transformation, survivor-led advocacy, and policy change in the US and around the world.
#BeTheHelp We Need
We are thousands of domestic workers and our supporters who've come together to create respect and protections for the important work we do for families across America. In many cases, we stand shoulder to shoulder with our employers and the children and elders we care for, working together to change culture and policy so that domestic workers can gain basic rights, benefits and protections under our nation’s labor laws.
Nannies, Housekeepers and Homecare Workers are organizing for better pay, and for dignity and respect in the workplace. As the Atlanta Chapter of the National Domestic Workers Alliance, we are building power through leadership development, strategic campaigns and alliance building. Our campaigns include minimum wage and overtime for homecare workers, a $15 federal minimum wage, and Medicaid Expansion in Georgia. We offer regular job skills and know-your-rights trainings, and a Health Referral Program for members.
Through our SOL initiative, the first two-year phase of which we recently completed, NDWA has conducted an intensive, transformative leadership development and organizational capacity-building process with approximately 75 domestic worker leaders and staff representing 25 NDWA affiliates, including 16 emerging organizations of domestic workers.
We launched the Get BIG! Basebuilding Innovation Group in the summer of 2013. Get BIG! is a bold program to help our affiiates grow to scale.
We Dream In Black aims to strengthen and expand our base of Black domestic workers and amplify their historical and current contributions to the broader domestic worker movement. Given the legacy of Black women in domestic work, and the ongoing ways in which race shapes the conditions and experiences of workers, NDWA has prioritized building strong organizing projects rooted in Black communities.